DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System
The DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System is typically installed using rotary percussive drilling. This technique enables high rates of installation, good directional stability and also helps to consolidate the grout within the borehole. Rotation speeds should be sufficient to cut a true borehole (120-150 RPM for soil nails; 100-130 RPM for mini piles), as opposed to displacement of the soil with the drill bit through percussion and heavy feed pressures (driven installation). Drilled boreholes ensure enlarged grout bodies together with better permeation of the grout into the surrounding ground. Feed pressures on the drill rods should be regulated in accordance with the cutting performance of the drill bit.
Simultaneous Drilling and Grouting: Suitable for granular soils and fills. This installation method utilises a Grout Swivel, grout pump and drilling head (drifter, as shown, top). The technique combines drilling and grouting as a single operation, ensuring that grout is placed over the full length of the borehole. For ground conditions where borehole collapse is anticipated or where subsequent grout injection down the center of the bar is problematical, simultaneous drilling and grouting is the preferred solution.
Grouting pressures should be regulated to maintain circulation at all times (typically up to 100 psi), with a small amount of grout return visible at the mouth of the borehole. Pressures in excess of 100 psi are generally only required for special applications (i.e. anchors in cohesive soils or mining applications). The choice of grout pump varies between applications, but basic requirements are as follows:
a. thorough mixing of the grout - to avoid blockages at the drill bit
b.delivery of a continuous volume - to ensure consistent grouting
c.maintenance of sufficient pressure